The Kings Cross Tunnel is connecting William Street and New South Head Road in
UGL Infrastructure Project Manager Damien O’Dea said Roads and Maritime Services
(RMS) had provided the ventilation concept design for the 320 metre long dual
cut and cover construction in the southern area of Kings Cross near the well
known ‘Coca-Cola’ sign. UGL was the head contractor to RMS for detailing the
design, procurement, installation and integration of the RMS ventilation design
for the Kings Cross Tunnel.
“The tunnel was originally constructed in 1972 to divert traffic from the
Darlinghurst Road intersection. It was ventilated with thirteen 17kW tunnel jet
fans, six in the two eastbound lanes, while seven tunnel jet fans serviced the
three westbound lanes,” he said.
The tunnel ventilation system is part of the fire and life safety system and is
compartmentalised east and west bound. In normal operations the fan equipment
serving each direction is automatically called into service as carbon monoxide
threshold levels are exceeded, ramping up as these levels increase. However if
tunnel sensors detect a fire, the fan system serves a dual purpose of smoke
The RMS project involved upgrading the ventilation system with new fans. The
eastbound fan equipment was replaced with larger and more powerful tunnel jet
fans (37kW); however space constraints in the westbound carriageway did not
allow increasing equipment sizing.
Instead, RMS decided to remove the aged westbound fans and go to a Saccardo
nozzle system which was installed in the void space below the Ward Avenue ramp.
The Saccardo nozzle system differs from a traditional multiple jet fan
installation by having a single discharge point served by multiple supply fans,
in this case four 55kW axial fans.
Damien said UGL had designed and installed a similar system for Perth’s
underground rail tunnel. “We undertook the final design detailing, and
subcontracted the supply of the fan equipment directly to Witt & Sohn in Germany
who in turn utilised their Australian representative Fantech to assist with
manufacturers’ commissioning of the fan equipment,” he said.
“Creating a plant room in a tunnel that serves a busy part of the city that never
sleeps was a major challenge. But good co-ordination and planning with both the
client and our subcontractors ensured the tunnel’s continuing use and
availability during daylight and peak demand periods.”
This design, supply, installation and commissioning project took 16 months and
was completed in April 2012.